Magic Mushroom or Liberty Cap (Psilocybe semilanceata) is the most notorious of all the hallucinogenic mushrooms (of which there are many), this being one of the most common and potent!
It contains a chemical cocktail of psychoactive ingredients, most notably ‘psilocybin’ (hence Psilocybe) which is a naturally produced psychedelic compound and is the main active substance. Ingestion of several mushrooms, whether eaten fresh, dried or powdered and added to food etc, can produce a variety of ‘psychedelic’ experiences similar to those produced by LSD. Since 2005 it has been made illegal to be in possession of this mushroom (in whatever form) and is labelled as a Class A drug – so there you go.
The mycelium (the vegetative part of the fungus) feeds on the decaying matter of grassroots, so they are very at home scattered in pastures, lawns (sometimes parks), grassy roadsides and paths.
The first thing to note is that the cap of the mushroom is hygrophanous, meaning it will change colour depending on how much moisture it retains. In wet conditions, the colour will be yellowish-brown / brown with a slight olive tinge. It has a glutinous viscid layer that can be delicately removed. As it drys out the colour fades to pale buff or whitish with a dark spore stained edge.
But the small conical cap remains a similar shape throughout these changes. It is elongate with striate markings (more noticeable when moist) with a distinctive small bump at the very top (umbo).
The thin white/creamy coloured stem (sometimes with darker yellowish hues) is relatively long compared to the capsize, and can grow up to 7 or 8cm high. Sometimes you may notice a blueish tinge at the very base. The gills are pale creamy-grey at first, but as the mushroom matures they become a dark purple-brown.
I’m not at liberty to say where I found these (or where to find others for that matter) as I was on a private reserve where I had permission to study. So please no questions about that on the blog or via email, thanks.
There are plenty around at the moment, but be aware that they’re just for looking at …right folks?
Before I sign off, I’ve selected a few good links on the amazingly enormous subject of Magic Mushrooms, covering their history in culture and beneficial medicinal research:
- Eight things you didn’t know about magic mushrooms
- Magic mushrooms & the roots of witchcraft
- Magic mushrooms ‘reboot’ brain in depressed people – study
- What your brain looks like on Magic Mushrooms
- Psilocybe mushroom history